Business and Economy

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Dr Patrick Wagner – Professor Damian Raess | Globalisation: A Race to the Bottom or an Opportunity to Improve Labour Standards?

Dr Patrick Wagner – Professor Damian Raess | Globalisation: A Race to the Bottom or an Opportunity to Improve Labour Standards?

Brazil, Russia, India and China, often known as the BRICs, have seen explosive growth in the past two decades and have asserted themselves as drivers of globalisation. Many scholars have researched the effects of this growth and development, and how these factors have affected domestic labour conditions. But are they asking the right questions? For instance, if developing countries invest in developed economies, will this lead to improved working conditions in the investing developing nation? Dr Patrick Wagner of the University of Konstanz, Germany, and Professor Damian Raess of the Catholic University of Lille, France, have conducted a study investigating whether Brazilian direct investment in Europe leads to improved working conditions back in Brazil.

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Professor Xiaobei Li | How HR Management Can Help Businesses Weather a Changing World

Professor Xiaobei Li | How HR Management Can Help Businesses Weather a Changing World

Businesses today exist in a changing world, which brings both opportunities for growth and increasingly complex challenges. To survive and thrive, organisations need a robust understanding of HR management. In their research, Professor Xiaobei Li and her colleagues at various universities, including University of New South Wales, Arizona State University and Peking University, recently explored how organisations can motivate their staff to ensure high-quality performance.

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Exploring Changes in How the EU Screens Foreign Investments

Exploring Changes in How the EU Screens Foreign Investments

Foreign direct investment occurs when a resident in one economy invests in and establishes significant influence over an enterprise in another economy. In a changing geopolitical landscape, the EU and its member states have introduced novel mechanisms for screening foreign direct investment for national security risks. However, these mechanisms vary substantially in how they operate. In a recent study, Professor Sarah Bauerle Danzman at Indiana University and Professor Sophie Meunier at Princeton University explore the factors that explain this. They also highlight key policy implications in this shift towards a more assertive EU investment policy.

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How Multinational Corporations Contribute to Regional Integration Across Africa

How Multinational Corporations Contribute to Regional Integration Across Africa

South Africa’s post-apartheid foreign policy has largely emphasised state-led continental political and economic integration. However, little attention has been paid to the influence of the country’s multinational corporations – or ‘MNCs’ – in this process. MNCs have indeed made an important contribution to increased integration across Africa, due to expansion strategies and the desire to increase market share. Dr Mpumelelo Mkhabela and Professor Christopher Changwe Nshimbi from the Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation at the University of Pretoria argue that we should do more to acknowledge this.

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Professor Bertrand Guillotin | Julianne Sellin – Should I Stay or Should I Go: International Companies in the Russian Market During the Ukrainian Invasion

Professor Bertrand Guillotin | Julianne Sellin – Should I Stay or Should I Go: International Companies in the Russian Market During the Ukrainian Invasion

In a recent paper, Professor Bertrand Guillotin and Julianne Sellin of Temple University discuss the difficult decision demanded of international companies operating in Russia at the beginning of the Ukrainian invasion. They explore this using the case study of Auchan, an international grocery retailer that had invested huge amounts of resources into the Russian market and had a tough decision to make.

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Professor Radu Mares | Exploring the UN’s Role in Regulating Transnational Corporations

Professor Radu Mares | Exploring the UN’s Role in Regulating Transnational Corporations

The importance of the EU in global governance has been well researched. However, systematic analysis of the way it interacts with other international organisations has been side-lined. To address this gap, Axel Marx the University of Leuven and Oliver Westerwinter at the University of St. Gallen introduce a special issue of the Journal of European Integration. The research published in this issue explores how the EU interacts with different types of global governance institutions.

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Daniel Bryant, M.D | Single-Payer Health Care: Financial Implications for a Physician

Daniel Bryant, M.D | Single-Payer Health Care: Financial Implications for a Physician

When considering proposed reforms of the US health care system, some physicians dismiss a single-payer system that would provide health care for all residents, as they believe their incomes would be reduced. In a recent study, Daniel Bryant, M.D., finds that state-based single-payer schemes may actually lead to increased personal incomes for physicians. His work also provides a template for evaluating the financial consequences for physicians within a single-payer health care system.

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Professor Rafael Ravina-Ripoll – Achieving Sustainable Competitive Advantage in Organisations: Happiness Management

Professor Rafael Ravina-Ripoll – Achieving Sustainable Competitive Advantage in Organisations: Happiness Management

Sustainable Development Goal 12 refers to responsible production and consumption. Professor Rafael Ravina-Ripoll at the University of Cádiz in Spain and his colleagues (Luis Bayardo Tobar-Pesantez, Estela Núñez-Barriopedro and David Almorza-Gomar) have addressed a lack of research and understanding in the literature about how management models based on happiness management can help promote sustainable and ethical development in the COVID-19 era.

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Exploring the Link Between Managers’ Motivation and Education

Exploring the Link Between Managers’ Motivation and Education

In recent years, many researchers have been investigating the associations between wage, education, and productivity, to gather valuable insight that could guide business decision-making. Professor Qiao Wang at Capital University of Economics and Business in Beijing has recently carried out a study specifically exploring the possibility that the motivation and productivity of business managers could be affected by their levels of education.

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