Optimising Lubricant Oils to Boost Engine Efficiency | Ken Hope

Optimising Lubricant Oils to Boost Engine Efficiency | Ken Hope

The engine of a typical passenger vehicle is made up of hundreds of mechanical parts. These parts require lubrication to prevent them from overheating and to keep them working efficiently. Ken Hope and his team at Chevron Phillips Chemical, headquartered in Texas, have analysed the extent to which different types of lubricant oils reduce friction. They then used this data to estimate how an optimised oil mixture can achieve an overall improvement in engine efficiency.

Teaching Algorithms to Caption Ultrasound Images | Dr Mohammad Alsharid

Teaching Algorithms to Caption Ultrasound Images | Dr Mohammad Alsharid

Medical professionals require years of training before they can describe ultrasound images of developing foetuses. Dr Mohammad Alsharid and colleagues from the Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Nuffield Department of Women’s and Reproductive Health at the University of Oxford suggest that this task could one day be carried out by machine learning algorithms. In their latest study, the team showed how neural networks, trained by the expert knowledge of real sonographers, could convert subtle features within the images into accurate, readable captions.

Designing Spacecraft to Explore Extreme Environments Within the Solar System | Dr Jekan Thanga

Designing Spacecraft to Explore Extreme Environments Within the Solar System | Dr Jekan Thanga

In the next few decades, upcoming technological advances will offer unprecedented opportunities to explore the solar system – both with autonomous robots, and through manned missions. Dr Jekan Thanga and the Space and Terrestrial Robotic Exploration (SpaceTREx) Laboratory at University of Arizona are at the forefront of efforts to design miniature spacecraft that will allow us to reach these distant worlds, and navigate their rugged, unfamiliar terrains. In the future, his team’s research could pave the way for the establishment of long-term, off-world human settlements, and the discovery of life in extreme, yet potentially habitable environments.

Dr Tai-Cheng Chen – Investigating Thermal Spraying Methods for Preventing Maritime Corrosion

Dr Tai-Cheng Chen – Investigating Thermal Spraying Methods for Preventing Maritime Corrosion

Every year, the combined effects of corrosion and wear cause a huge amount of damage to coastal and offshore machinery, incurring huge costs for repair and maintenance. While there are various types of coating that offer protection from wear and corrosion, the way in which that they are applied can massively impact their effectiveness. Dr Tai-Cheng Chen and his team at the Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Taiwan, have been analysing these methods, in order to determine the best way to protect maritime infrastructure.

Harnessing Water Fleas to Purify Wastewater

Harnessing Water Fleas to Purify Wastewater

Water-treatment processes are essential for water reuse in municipal, agricultural and industrial applications. Wastewater treatment ensures our safety and prevents sickness and death from parasites and contaminants every year. However, certain chemical contaminants, such as pharmaceuticals and pesticides, are difficult to remove from water, and can accumulate in the food web, eventually entering our food supply and potentially causing adverse health outcomes. Dr Luisa Orsini [Loo-ee-sah Oar-see-nee] and her colleagues at Daphne Water Solutions Ltd have developed a cutting-edge water-bioremediation technology, which is based on the use of small aquatic invertebrates called water fleas. By removing harmful contaminants from water, the sustainable and eco-friendly technology enables water reuse, while protecting human health and the environment.

Advancing Quantum Computing to Accelerate Scientific Research

Advancing Quantum Computing to Accelerate Scientific Research

About this episodeOver the past few years, the capabilities of quantum computers have reached the stage where they can be used to pursue research with widespread technological impact. Through their research, the Q4Q team at the University of Southern California,...

Cultivating Skilled Manufacturers In Rural Wisconsin

Cultivating Skilled Manufacturers In Rural Wisconsin

SciPod · Cultivating Skilled Manufacturers In Rural WisconsinOriginal Article Reference This SciPod is a summary ofhttps://doi.org/10.33548/SCIENTIA570 Share Episode About this episodeThe manufacturing industry has long been central to the livelihoods of...

Exploring Diamond’s Potential in High-Power, High-Temperature Electronics – Dr Debarati Mukherjee, Dr Luis Nero Alves, Dr Joana Catarina Mendes

Exploring Diamond’s Potential in High-Power, High-Temperature Electronics – Dr Debarati Mukherjee, Dr Luis Nero Alves, Dr Joana Catarina Mendes

While many people perceive diamond as a material used to make jewellery or other decorative objects, this mesmerising stone has numerous other valuable applications. In fact, its physical properties make diamond ideal for uses in various technological applications, including high performance electronics. Dr Debarati Mukherjee, Dr Luis Nero Alves and Dr Joana Catarina Mendes at the University of Aveiro in Portugal have recently outlined some exciting potential uses of diamond in technology and engineering, while also describing what makes this material so unique and valuable.

From Machine Learning To Machine Understanding – Dr Yan M Yufik

From Machine Learning To Machine Understanding – Dr Yan M Yufik

Original Article Reference https://doi.org/10.33548/SCIENTIA465 Share Episode About this episodeDespite dramatic advances in neuroscience and biology in the 20th and 21st centuries, our understanding of the brain remains very limited. Dr Yan M Yufik, Head at...